The battle of Kirkuk: why it matters

He explains why the Kurdish independence referendum will benefit Britain and Kurdistan Nadhim Zahawi A bastion of liberalism. An island of democracy. A stronghold of tolerance. These are just some of the figures of speech used by the commentariat to juxtapose Iraqi Kurdistan with the backdrop of political volatility that is endemic to the region in which it is located. The commentariat is not wrong. The democratic freedoms enjoyed in Kurdistan diverge prodigiously from the human rights abuses seen in Iran, Syria and, of course, the receding territory of Daesh. And even within Iraq, Kurdistan stands out.

On Kurdish Culture

Dattatreya Mandal November 8, While conflict rages on along the borders of autonomous Kurdistan, history takes its own course in the region laden with ancient Mesopotamian and Syrian legacy. Comprising what is now the small Kurdish village of Bassetki, the settlement was probably founded some time in BC, and thrived for over 1, years. In collaboration with the Directorate of Antiquities in Dohuk, excavation works conducted between August and October of this year revealed the substantial scope of the Bronze Age city.

In that regard, the archaeologists were able to identify a system of defensive walls erected circa BC that protected the upper area of the settlement from invaders.

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Originating from a mystical order at the turn of the 14th century, the Safavids ruled Persia from to The period of the Safavids, the dynasty that took control of Persia in the early 16th century, is often considered the beginning of modern Persian history, just as the state they created is said to mark the genesis of the Persian nation-state. It would be anachronistic to call Safavid Persia a modern nation-state, and it is important to realize that, in many ways, Safavid society continued Mongol and Timurid patterns and practices—ranging from its coinage to its administrative institutions.

The Safavids, in fact, consciously built their legitimacy on past tradition. Yet it is also true that the Safavids made many original contributions and their legacy survives in various ways. They unified much of Persia under a single political control, transforming an essentially tribal nomadic order into a sedentary society deriving most of its revenue from agriculture and trade. Most importantly, the Safavids introduced a concept of patrimonial kingship, combining territorial authority with religious legitimacy that, with modifications, would endure until the 20th century.

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Origin of the Kurds “The land of Karda” is mentioned on a Sumerian clay-tablet dated to the 3rd millennium B. This land was inhabited by “the people of Su” who dwelt in the southern regions of Lake Van ; The philological connection between “Kurd” and “Karda” is uncertain but the relationship is considered possible. After initially sustaining a heavy defeat, Ardashir I was successful in subjugating the Kurds.

You’ve bitten off more than you can chew and you have brought death to yourself.

From Tommy Robinson to the National Front to the Football Lads’ Alliance, far-right organisers have long been trying to take over the beautiful game.

Samuel Goodman Sam is just a regular, normal man who humbly requests: Please don’t shoot the messenger. One interesting effect of the obesity epidemic has been an increase in the desirability of Asian women. Thirty years ago, nailing an Asian chick was a consolation prize for a white guy who struck out with his own kind. Sociologists talk about all sorts of possible explanations: All these explanations are probably wrong. Why does a dog lick its genitals?

Realm of History

Mary Heath said she confronted her partner after discovering he was cheating on her Image: Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email A stricken single mum who says her cheating partner drained her bank account before threatening to release a sex tape if she want to police has warned: Distraught Mary Heath was convinced that Kurdish-born partner Hersh Abdullah Saleh was in love with her, but claims he fleeced her for thousands of pounds to fund fighters in his homeland.

Journal Article. Social Media in Africa: A Double-Edged Sword for Security and Development: Research Report. The United Nations Development Programme commissioned RAND Europe to explore social media use and its links to online radicalisation in Africa.

Origin of the Kurds “The land of Karda” is mentioned on a Sumerian clay-tablet dated to the 3rd millennium B. This land was inhabited by “the people of Su” who dwelt in the southern regions of Lake Van ; The philological connection between “Kurd” and “Karda” is uncertain but the relationship is considered possible. Akkadians were attacked by nomads coming through Qartas territory at the end of 3rd millennium B. Akkadians distinguished them as Guti.

They conquered Mesopotamia in B. After initially sustaining a heavy defeat, Ardashir I was successful in subjugating the Kurds. You’ve bitten off more than you can chew and you have brought death to yourself. O son of a Kurd, raised in the tents of the Kurds, who gave you permission to put a crown on your head? He found it heavily fortified, and guarded by three legions and a large body of Kurdish archers.

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Arrival in Erbil Erbil is the capital city of the Kurdistan region and the main gateway. The airport is fantastic and modern; flying into Erbil is usually easy and fast. Read the FAQ section to find out how to get there. After arrival, feel free to head out and explore the beautiful capital city. Stay overnight in Erbil. Explore North of Erbil The trip will start proper today.

Editor’s Note: Science-Metrix a Montreal-based company reports that Iran is showing fastest worldwide growth in example, Iran is at the forefront of stem cell ity is not a taboo subject in Iran. Virtually every aspect of sex is is discussed in scientific terms.

Ancient history[ edit ] The region in which Erbil lies was largely under Sumerian domination from c. Today the Assyrian people , a Syriac-speaking community who claim descent from Akkadian speakers , endure as a minority in northern Iraq, north east Syria, south east Turkey and north west Iran, their population is estimated to be 3. Later, Erridupizir , king of the language isolate speaking kingdom of Gutium , captured the city in BC. Under the Median Empire , Cyaxares might have settled a number of people from the Ancient Iranian tribe of Sagartians in the Assyrian cities of Arbela and Arrapha modern Kirkuk , probably as a reward for their help in the capture of Nineveh.

After the battle, Darius managed to flee to the city, and, somewhat inaccurately, the confrontation is sometimes known as the “Battle of Arbela”. Subsequently, Arbela was part of Alexander’s Empire. Erbil became part of the region disputed between Rome and Persia under the Sasanids. Its populace then gradually converted from the Mesopotamian religion between the 1st and 4th centuries to the Assyrian Church of the East Christianity and to a lesser degree to the Syriac Orthodox Church , with Pkidha traditionally becoming its first bishop around AD, although the ancient Assyrian religion did not die out entirely in the region until the 10th century AD.

Roj Bash Kurdistan

The name of several distinguished persons mentioned in the Old Testament Kings, Par. His mother was Maacha, daughter of Tholmai, King of Gessur. The sacred writer who sketches for us the career of Absalom 2 Samuel 13 – 18 lays stress upon the faultless beauty of the youth’s appearance, and mentions in particular the luxurious wealth of his hair, which, when shorn, weighed over ten ounces.

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Austrian crown land east of Bohemia. In the century before the Christian era the Germanic Quadi a tribe closely related to the Macromanni, who had just driven the Celtic Boii from Bohemia took possession of the modern Moravia. Of these two tribes settled in Bohemia and Moravia we know nothing beyond their collisions with the Romans e. The invasion of the Huns under Attila drove the majority of the Marcomanni and Quadi from their settlements.

In the fifth century the deserted territory was occupied by Slav tribes. About the middle of the sixth century, these were conquered by the Atars, who advanced as far as Thuringia.


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